Digital cameras – they are handy, practical and easy to handle. Even if we are in the age of smartphones and Co., not everyone owns such a mobile device to take pictures with them anytime, anywhere. In many cases, the smartphones have replaced the digital cameras, because the “always-there devices” now make excellent pictures. And yet the digital cameras are still popular and in demand – sometimes because the cell phone camera can not do it all.
What makes a good digital camera and what you should pay attention to when buying one, we would like to explain in more detail in our digital camera comparison.
Top 10 Digital Cameras
What do you need a digital camera for?
Despite smartphones and co, the digital cameras cannot be forced off the market. On the other hand, if you look at the analog cameras, you have to realize that they are hardly represented anymore. Of course, this is because these analog cameras are limited to special applications, while digital cameras and co are much more capable. The digital cameras convince by:
- their small, compact design
- the easy handling
- the large storage capacity, which can be partially extended
- the immediate availability of the recordings
- the ability to edit recordings, or to provide them with effects
- the automatic, which the digital camera offers in many areas
The advantage of the digital camera is also that it presents excellent pictures or videos through a certain automatic – even if the person behind the lens is a complete layman. All you have to do is press the trigger and the camera does almost everything by itself.
The setting of exposure, distance or aperture as you know it from the analog cameras, is unnecessary for the digicam.
In addition, the digicam offers the possibility to record videos – usually in HD quality.
What types of digital cameras are there?
n the case of digital cameras, we distinguish between different types, such as:
- Outdoor cameras
- compact cameras
- Bridge cameras
- System cameras and
The outdoor cameras
They are specially designed for outdoor use, which means they are more robust than conventional cameras, are dust and shock resistant and can withstand a lot. The outdoor cameras are splash-proof according to the IPX-6 standard. Some of the models offered are suitable for underwater photos. These outdoor digital cameras are very small, handy and lightweight. They are also suitable for being mounted on helmets or bicycles to capture impressive moments. These outdoor cameras are also often referred to as action cam because they are ideal for outdoor use and leisure time due to their size and weight.
The compact cameras
he compact cameras are among the type of camera that is most widely used. And as the name suggests, the compact cameras are small and handy, fit in trouser and jacket pockets, making them ideal for on the go. As a rule, the housing is made of metal and therefore quite robust.
The advantage of the compact digital cameras is that they work almost completely automatically, make the settings almost independently.
However, if you want professional quality photography, the compact cameras are the wrong ones. The compact cameras are structurally rigid, a replacement of the lens is not possible, for example. In general, you can not change the exposure time, so that night shots are also not possible. Compact cameras are the ideal companion for “simple” pictures.
The bridge cameras
This type of digital camera looks like an SLR camera at first glance. However, in the bridge camera, the lens is firmly installed – in contrast to the SLR camera (in this, the lens can be replaced). The bridge cameras are characterized by their good optical zoom – sometimes some of the cameras can zoom up to 60 times. This allows even distant subjects in very good quality to be scanned.
The system cameras
These types of digital cameras are larger than the compact cameras. Typical for the system cameras is the possibility to change the lens. In other words, different lenses are available for each system camera.
Unlike the compact digital camera, you can take beautiful pictures with the system camera. This is sometimes because the image sensor is larger in this type of camera, which means more pixels. And that, in turn, means that the shots are clearer and sharper. Even in poor lighting conditions, the system digital cameras will give you excellent pictures.
The SLR cameras
They belong to the top class of digital cameras and are, so to speak, the craft of professional photographers. The technology and image sensors of the SLR cameras are highly developed and provide excellent images even in difficult conditions.
The features of the SLR cameras are different – for example, you can take pictures with a time delay or at a very high speed. The name of the SLRs comes from the built-in mirror that directs the light that falls to the optical viewfinder and the image sensor. This mirror is integrated as a so-called oscillating mirror, which folds up when the shutter button is pressed.
Compared to the other digital cameras that we have presented here, the SLRs are very expensive and, in contrast to the conventional cameras, quite large and heavy. In addition, there are various accessories that can further improve the quality of the images.
What should you look for when buying a digital camera?
The range of digital cameras is large and it is all the more difficult to choose the right digital camera. Especially since the digital camera is not a digital camera, but the different models also differ with different features.
Generally, you should consider when buying a digital camera in advance for:
- Which purposes you need the camera: If you want to use the camera for one or the other snapshot on vacation or at leisure, a compact camera is usually enough for you. If you are athletic, like to dive or go jogging, you may be thinking of buying an action digital camera. If your demands are higher, then you should opt for a bridge or system camera. And if you want to make professional photos, of course, the SLR is the non-plus ultra.
- Weight and size: If you need to use the camera mainly on the go, the compact camera is probably the best choice. It is small, light and handy can be stored in the jacket or bag if necessary. Sure, if you take professional shots, then the weight here does not matter, because then the decision goes in the direction of SLR camera.
- Equipment: The digital cameras are characterized by their largely automatic way of working. The more functions a camera has, the more options you have when taking photos. Optical zoom, image stabilizer, Wi-Fi, megapixels, panoramic photos, or expandable storage are just a few of the things you should consider when buying a digital camera. Each of these features gives you advantages, gives you the ability to communicate with the smartphone or take shake-free pictures. Some digital cameras are designed so that you can equip the photos with effects in advance or during later editing. Or with some digital cameras, you have the option to edit the images directly on the camera – a separate image editing software is not even necessary there.
- Power supply: Depending on the model of the digital camera, these are equipped with batteries or batteries. Where the digital cameras with batteries are the better choice because they can be easily charged. When buying a digital camera, make sure that the batteries can be removed and you can simply use another battery.
- Space: On vacation, it often happens that you want to capture all the impressions in pictures. And there is already some storage capacity necessary to save all recordings. It makes sense if the digital camera has an external memory card to which you can save the pictures. These memory cards, usually as Micro SD cards in use, can also be plugged into the smartphone. And with the help of an adapter, you even have the option to play the pictures on the TV – or on the computer or laptop.
A little digression into the history of the digital camera
The history of the digital camera began in 1963. David Gregg, an employee at Winston Research Corporation in the US, developed a video disk camera. However, this was not yet a digital camera, but it offered the ability to save images electronically. The images were saved on disk, but only for a few minutes.
In 1968, the image sensor was invented. In 1969, the CCD (Charge Coupled Device) chip came out, which no digital camera can do without. This is a chip of semiconductor material that was actually designed to store data.
Three years later, the ancestor of today’s digital cameras was developed. With a resolution of 0.065 megapixels and a weight of 10 kilograms, it is the stark opposite of today’s digital cameras. In addition, the electronics and the recorder were separated from each other and each housed in its own equipment cabinet. This equipment cabinet was even bigger than the camera. This camera was then used for astronomical images and was only available to scientists.
Which accessories are useful for a digital camera?
To transport the camera, a camera bag is recommended. This protects the camera from moisture, dust, and dirt.
When you buy a camera bag, make sure that it fits the size of the digital camera. If the bag is too small, you will have to spend a lot of effort each time to get the camera in your pocket. If it is too big, you risk the digital camera falling out of the bag.
When buying the camera bag, pay attention to additional storage space, preferably in the form of a separate compartment. For example, you can put in the spare battery, charger, and other necessary things here.
Some of the digital cameras do not have a built-in flash that can be switched on when needed. In these cases, it pays to buy an external flash unit. Be careful if your camera has the connection at all to connect the flash.
To make sharp, shake-free shots, a tripod is recommended. The tripod offers you, so to speak, “the quiet little hand”. Different versions of the tripods are available – from the foldable tripods on large, bulky tripods that are actually more suitable for professional photographers.